Mitered corners can be used in quilting, knitting or crochet September 28, 2013 • Robin Stroot
Here is part two of my column on making corners on your craft project.
For a square or rectangular shaped craft project (e.g., a wall hanging) you can use fabric strips that have been cut along the grain of the fabric. These types of strips will give a firm edging for finishing your craft project.
You can also purchase pre-manufactured bias strips or make your own using fabric cut along the bias. The strips are then stitched together into a continuous piece of bias fabric, then sewn in place along the raw edges of the craft project. Bias means the fabric for the edging strip is cut on the diagonal. The stretching aspect of bias fabric is needed for items that have rounded or curved edges.
A mitered corner is a type of finishing on sewn projects that gives another option for a finished look to the edges. It is one of the most popular techniques used in quilting. Strips of fabric or binding are sewing along the straight edge of the craft project. For example, let’s say you’re sewing an edging along a placemat. The fabric edge would be sewn in place across the entire top of the placemat. Now, take the strip of fabric and make a triangle-shaped fold by bringing the fabric strip above the top of the placemat. Now, holding the diagonal fold in place, bring the fabric strip back toward the placemat in line with the side edge of the placemat. Stitch the edge of the fabric strip in place along the short edge of the placemat. You can continue stitching around the remaining sides of the placemat, mitering the fabric strip at each corner.
Mitered corners for knit and crochet projects are made using a double increase stitch alongside a center stitch. The miter shaping allows the edging to lay flat as it goes around the corner of the project. Let’s use a baby afghan as an example for the knit or crochet project.
If you look at the mitered corners of the knit project, you will usually have an increase stitch (most likely a yarn-over) then a center stitch then another yarn-over after the center stitch is made at each corner of the afghan. There are several types of mitered knit edging patterns that can be found in many stitch pattern books.
For crochet, the afghan will usually have two or three stitches made in the corner stitch of the previous row, a chain stitch or two, then another set of two or three stitches in the same corner. This allows for you to go around the corner. One example of this type of corner is used in the granny-square pattern. Three double-crochet stitches, two chain stitches and then another set of three double-crochet stitches are worked in the same opening of the previous row. This forms the corner for the granny square pattern stitch.
Remember, the main goal is to allow enough ease in the fabric or stitches to allow the finished project to lie flat around the corners without distorting the corner shaping along your craft project.