LA MALABIE, Quebec — They walked the ancient halls, gazed out on the mighty St. Lawrence River, felt the cool Quebec breezes, ate Charlevoix Basque-style duck breast with pumpernickel bread chips followed by Saskatoon berry sorbet, and sipped wines from the Gaspereau Valley of Nova Scotia and the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia.
Then everything fell apart.
This old tucked-away retreat, five hours north and east of Montreal, is an unlikely venue for anything, to say nothing of a meeting of the leaders of the G7 nations. But a tranquil setting where the cows loll in great green fields, and where the rhythms are measured by tide tables published by the Canadian Hydrographic Service, is an especially improbable setting for an encounter that is shaping the elections of two powerful nations.
For it was here in June 2018 that President Trump broke with the rest of the industrial nations on trade and climate change, clashing repeatedly with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and, after leaving the summit early to meet North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, dismissing his Canadian host as “meek and mild” and “dishonest & weak.” Shortly thereafter Trump aide Peter Navarro said there was “a special place in hell” for Trudeau.
Now the Canadian prime minister and the American president are seeking second terms, and the confrontation here at the Manoir Richelieu stands as a potent symbol of the two men’s profiles — and of their political prospects.
Trudeau meets the Canadian electorate on Oct. 21, with Trump’s political test coming almost exactly a year later. Some of Trudeau’s Liberal Party aides are urging him to run as much against Trump as against his Canadian opponents, the Conservative Andrew Scheer and the New Democrat Jagmeet Singh. Trump’s re-election depends in part on the American public’s verdict on his tendency to target pointed outbursts against anyone who, like Trudeau, holds views that differ with his.
“In Canada, Trump is the least popular U.S. president ever,” the veteran Canadian diplomat Jeremy Kinsman wrote in Canada’s prestigious Policy Magazine. “No one running for national office here would dare support his style, apparent values, or the substance of his actions, and expect to win.”
Meanwhile, south of the Canadian border, the Trump style is as much — perhaps more — an issue as the Trump political portfolio. The president’s re-election prospects depend in large measure on whether he retains the support of voters who embrace his record (tax cuts, a strong economy and two conservative Supreme Court nominations) but deplore his comportment (angry tweets, freestyle public comments, a continuing war against the mainstream press).
For both candidates, the calculus is complicated.
Like all Canadian prime ministers, Trudeau must simultaneously prove his independence from the American chief executive (a task his father, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, mastered a generation ago) even as he displays what Kinsman describes as “a civil and fair transactional relationship with the powerful U.S. leader” (which Conservative Brian Mulroney did with flair with both Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush, and which Trudeau’s predecessor, Stephen Harper, failed to do with Barack Obama).
Trudeau and Trump have one important goal in common, the ratification of the successor treaty to NAFTA. The trade pact is vital to Canada, but its value is less evident in the U.S., where labor leaders and environmentalists ardently oppose the agreement. NAFTA was embraced by the Republican George H.W. Bush and the Democrat Bill Clinton, and its successor pact has the support of major American business interests. Last year, in an unusual cross-border gesture, the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce and the Ontario Chamber of Commerce issued a joint statement in support of the pact. “In 2016 Kentucky was among the top 10 states providing Ontario’s imports,” said Dave Adkisson, president and CEO of the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce.
American presidents always have cast a large shadow on Canada. In 1938, as war clouds darkened in Europe, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who vacationed at Campobello in New Brunswick and once said he passed “so many happy hours of my life” in Canada, joined Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King in Kingston, Ontario. There FDR said that the United States, which itself had mounted occasional invasions of Canada, would for the first time pledge to defend Canada from foreign incursions. Three decades later, Lyndon B. Johnson physically shook Canada’s Lester B. Pearson over the Canadian leader’s skepticism about the Vietnam War.
But no American president has been as prominent, and as pilloried, as Trump, the subject of every Canadian conversation and the preoccupation of every publication and public-affairs television program. In diplomatic circles in Ottawa, there is a new debate: how to mollify Washington, or even co-exist with Trump, while engaging China, which for years has been the target of the 45th president’s ire and, more recently, of his trade war. Accustomed to accommodating one giant military and economic force, Canada now finds itself in the middle of a conflict between one colossus that is on the rise and another that is struggling not to be in eclipse.
All that was in the background of the Trump-Trudeau struggle that emerged here in the Charlevoix region of Quebec, only an hour from the soaring Laurentian peaks of the Grands-Jardins National Park, where the woodland caribou wander amid spruce lichen and where, just the other day, the early September temperatures dipped into the low 40s. A few hours on the Le Brule trail in the park offer an excursion into areas of boreal vegetation and the coniferous forests known as taiga. Two decades ago, huge fires raged through the park, leaving some areas devastated and treeless.
None of the G7 leaders ventured into Grands-Jardins, but had they done so, they might have seen the future of the Canadian-American relationship, if not the destinies of the two men who lead the countries.
The Trump-Trudeau conflict might have been the manifestation of an older man’s pique at a younger man’s cheek, or even Trump’s disquieting peek at Trudeau’s natural chic, but in the long course of history all that will fade. Of necessity and of geography, the trans-border relationship will flourish again. The proof is in the Quebec mountains, where after the fire there is lush, fresh growth — the clear signs of regeneration.